Prostate cancer is one of the more common forms of the ailment that has affected millions of people across the globe. It is estimated that globally more than 1.1 million men are diagnosed with the malady every year while hundreds of thousands succumb to the disease annually. Being the second most common type of cancer that affects men apart from skin cancer, it is believed that a whopping 20% of the entire male population is likely to suffer from the disease in their lifetime. The malignancy can be of different varieties depending upon the specific health aspects of the patients. In order to be able to better manage the disease, it is important to first learn about it in detail.
What Is Prostate Cancer?
As the name suggests, prostate cancer is a malignancy that affects the prostate gland, which forms a part of the male reproductive system. This walnut sized gland is located below the urinary bladder and in front of the rectum and is responsible for making the fluid that nourishes and protects the sperm cells in the semen. Although the cancer can develop and spread at a rapid pace, it generally grows at a slow pace in most men. When the cancer spreads from the prostate gland to the
Symptoms Of Prostate Cancer
Like other forms of cancer, detecting prostate cancer is not easy as most men do not have any symptoms of the disease. However, some men might experience the following symptoms which might indicate the development of the disease and with timely diagnoses can helps save their lives.
- The most prominent indication of a growing malignancy in the prostate gland is the development of urinary issues including, difficulty in initiating urination, uncontrolled stopping and starting during urination and a sensation of pain or burning while urinating.
- In some cases men might pass blood with urine and semen, which can be a symptom of prostate cancer.
- Many men experience pain in the hips, pelvis, spine or even upper legs. In addition some men might even experience pain or discomfort during ejaculation which can also be a symptom of prostate cancer.
- In case the cancer has spread to the bones, it can lead to bone pain and fractures.
- When the cancer expands to the liver it can cause swelling in the abdomen and lead to yellowing of the skin and eyes.
- The spread of malignancy to the lungs can make individuals feel pain in the chest or even cause breathlessness.
- When the prostate cancer spreads to the brain, it can cause headaches, dizziness, and seizures in patients.
Risk Factors For Prostate Cancer
Some men run a greater risk of developing prostate cancer as compared to other men, based on the following factors.
- Age– Older men have a higher risk of developing the disease as compared to younger ones.
- Family History – Men who have at least one direct family member suffering from the ailment are more likely to develop the malignancy as compared to other men.
- Race – African American men show a greater tendency of developing prostate cancer as compared to Native American, Native Alaskan and Asian/Pacific men.
- Specific Chromosome And Prostate Changes: Certain changes in the prostate gland or the chromosomes of men also increase the risk of developing prostate cancer.
Treatment For Advanced Prostate Cancer
Irrespective of the level of expansion of prostate cancer within the patient’s body, they are still treated for prostate cancer. There are five main methods of treatment as listed below.
- Hormone therapy
Even though no cure has yet been found for advanced prostate cancer, patients can live for several years with proper and regular treatment if the body responds well to the therapies.