Over the past several years, cancer of various organs has emerged as one of the most common and fatal maladies affecting countless people of all age groups. Even though liver cancer is one of the most uncommon forms of this ailment, its increased spread has been a cause of great concern amongst researchers.
According to a research, more than 700,000 new cases of liver cancer are detected globally every year, with an average of around 50 percent over the past 10 years. It has also been estimated that 39, 230 new cases of liver cancer were detected in USA alone in 2016, while 27, 170 people died from the ailment in the same year.
Understanding Liver Cancer As A Disease
Liver cancer is one of those types of cancers that start in the organ itself, rather than traveling there from another organ or tissue within the body as is the case with other types of cancer. Unfortunately for the patients, the symptoms of the disease do not become apparent until it has advanced substantially.
This naturally increases the fatality rate associated with this specific type of cancer, which is definitely quite high as compared to other forms of the disease. Even when the cancer is detected before it begins to affect the other organs, the survival rate of such patients over the next five years is no more than 30.5%. One of the reasons that that make liver cancer difficult to diagnose is that the exact reasons that cause it are not known.
It is often perceived that the ailment might result from the damage or scarring of the liver or it might even be caused by alcohol abuse and infections such as Hepatitis B and C. However, the American Cancer Society has recently revealed that the risk of the disease might be increased among people having a higher BMI or suffering from Type 2 diabetes.
Findings Of The Research
The study conducted by the researchers from the National Cancer Institute in United States, found that men have a 38 percent increased risk of liver cancer with every five point increase in BMI. On the other hand, the risk increases by 25 percent in women for the same point increase in BMI. The study also revealed that with every 5cm increase in the waist circumference of an individual the risk of the disease increased by 8 percent. Meanwhile, for adults having type 2 diabetes, the risk of developing liver cancer is more than doubled.
The findings were based in data pooled from 14 different studies, which covered a total of 1.57 million participants. In each of these studies, the participants were asked to complete a questionnaire that sought details about the height, weight, alcohol intake and other cancer-related risks for the participants. The important thing to note here is that none of the participants had suffered from cancer before participating in the study.
Of all the participants in the study, a total of 2,162 individuals developed liver cancer. 6.2% of these patients were suffering from type 2 diabetes and the various parameters were double checked to eliminate any chances of fake correlation of the accumulated data. Although the study does not prove that the rise in the cases of liver cancer is caused primarily due to obesity, it surely establishes the fact this lifestyle disorder does play a vital role in enhancing the risk of this malignancy.
The results are being considered extremely important from the perspective of public health as obesity and type 2 diabetes are becoming an increasingly common phenomenon across the globe. In such a scenario, the revelations made by these studies will give people yet another reason to adapt a healthier lifestyle to ensure a truly long and fulfilling life.