Facts about eczema you need to know
What is eczema? It is not just one health condition but it is a recognizable reaction pattern which can be seen in many skin diseases. Atopic dermatitis is a common cause of eczema and it is more prevalent in the people who have hay fever and asthma. The symptoms and signs of eczema include tiny vesicles (blisters) which can ooze and weep, eventually making thickened, crusted plaques of the skin. It is almost always very itchy. It’s essential to distinguish the various caused of eczema since the impactful treatments generally differ. In case eczema is produced by the exposure of the skin to any particular substance, it can be helpful to avoid that substance. Keeping the skin moisturized and healthy can help in preventing some typed of eczema.
Different types and stages of eczema impact 31.6% people in the US. The word ‘eczema’ is also used particularly for talking about atopic dermatitis, which is the most common kind of eczema. The word ‘atopic’ means a collection of the diseases which involve the immune system, including the atopic dermatitis, hay fever and asthma. Dermatitis is a skin inflammation. Some people even out-grow this condition while other people can continue having it their entire adulthood.
Signs and symptoms of eczema
The medical professionals at times refer to this disease as the itch which rashes. Generally, the first symptom of eczema is intense itching. Given below are some important signs and symptoms of this disease:
- The rash starts to appear later and is red with bumps of various sizes.
- There is itching on the rash and it may also burn, especially in the thin skin such as the eyelids.
- In case you scratch it, it can become crusty and ooze.
- In adults the chronic rubbing makes thickened skin plaques.
- Having one or more of the round areas is referred as ‘nummular’ eczema and it can often be confused with fungal infections.
- Some people develop the red bumps or the clear fluid- filled bumps which appear bubbly and when it is scratched, it adds wetness to the complete appearance. This kind of eczema is especially very common on the sides of the fingers in dyshidrotic eczema and is also sometimes called as pompholyx.
- There can be painful cracks on the skin.
- Even though you can easily locate the rash on the body, in older children and adults, it is very commonly found on the flexures of the arms, the neck, and the flexures of the legs. Infants can exhibit this rash in their torso and face. It generally first appears in the areas which the child can rub against the sheets, since they can have the coordination for precisely scratching at that stage. When the child starts crawling, the rash involves the skin of the knees and the elbows. The diaper area is generally spared.
- The scalp is involved rarely.
- Even though the skin behind the ears can be involved, the outer ear is generally spared.
- The eyelids are generally red, itchy and puffy.
- The itching can get so intense it can interfere in sleeping.
- Even though the classic eczema and psoriasis are very different and rarely exist together, both conditions can have severe erythrodermic forms in which the patient gets inflammation of most of the surface area of the skin.
- Asteatotic eczema is a term which is very commonly applied for describing the patients who have dried thin, cracked-looking skin- generally particularly bad on the lower legs.
- Eloquent movement of the soles of the feet and the palms isn’t usual and can suggest a different condition like fungal infection, allergic contact , scabies infestation, dermatitis etc.