HEALTH / WELLNESS

Lung Cancer: Types, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis And Treatment

Lung cancer has been increasing at a fast pace in the developing nations. The tobacco market share is on all-time rise with no differentiation between the developed nations and the developing nations. Tobacco products especially cigarettes are being sold at a phenomenal rate. The largest buyer of this good is the youth which is getting highly indulged in this product. Small children and teenagers smoke cigarettes to look cool or portray themselves superior to other teenagers. The people who are in their twenties or thirties have either become habitual to it or buy in the accompany of their peer. The most disastrous effect of smoking is the lung cancer associated with it.  The main drawback of lung cancer is that patients suffering from it has to go through extreme agony while its treatment. The treatment procedure is quite long and sometimes the case becomes incurable the last stages.  The treatment involves radiotherapy and chemotherapy where the patient loses all his/her hair and has to take complete bed rest.

What is lung cancer?

Lung cancer results from the abnormal or uncontrolled growth of the cells in the inner lining of the lungs leading to a tumour. This tumour grows in size if remain undetected and leads to a problem in curing it at the later stages. The lung cancer is broadly classified into two types the small cell lung cancer and the non-small cell lung cancer. These two types of cancer are classified on their growth and they spread in the body with time and what methods are involved in its treatment. Lung cancer has a very low rate of survival rate and according to a survey held in the past year, it is the reason for the highest number of deaths caused by consuming any commodities. The low survival rate in the cases of lung cancer is observed because  it spreads rapidly to the other part of the body and can remain dormant while multiplying inside. In the dormant state, it remains undetected and causes harm in the body.

Causes of lung cancer

The cause of lung cancer is chiefly associated with smoking tobacco. About 90% of people diagnosed with lung cancer are found to be smokers. People who actively smoke are definitely on the risk of lung cancer but even people who smoke passively or remain in the company of smokers are also at a high risk of smoking.

Signs, symptoms, and diagnosis of lung cancer

The most prevalent problem of in the diagnosis of lung cancer is that it displays no such symptoms at the early stages of progression. People who tend to smoke can develop lung cancer and can be cured also if detected in the early stages. The smokers are not able to identify these early stages as there are no such symptoms, most of the symptoms tend to develop in the later stages of  cancer when things become incurable. People who display symptoms are:9

  1. A persistent cough and hoarseness in voice for a long time which is not cured by regular remedies.
  2. Shortness of breath and experiencing fatigue in work which does not require the extreme labour of any type.
  3. Streaks of blood in sputum.
  4. Chest pain
  5. Frequent episodes of bronchitis and pneumonia.
  6. Experiencing weight loss and fatigue.

A wide of diagnosis is required to detect lung cancer which involves studying the patient history, physical examination, blood tests, chest x-rays, scans.

Treatment of lung cancer

Treatment of lung cancer involves the patient to go through a series of surgeries and chemotherapy to kill the unwanted cells. Lung cancer is almost incurable if even a single cell is left after the removal of tumour from the lung. The most important part of the surgery of lung cancer is the removal of tumour. Surgery is the most preferred way of treating the lung cancer. Some of the people even go for radiotherapy or chemotherapy which do not want to go through the operation.

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